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托福考试写作必杀技有哪些好的方法?

时间:2019-07-24 16:45来源:江苏朗阁外语培训中心 作者:longre
  1、快速还原听力(学术讲座)笔记
 
  在写作板块中,考生要解决的首要问题是笔记还原,主要是指听力笔记还原,因为阅读材料在听力结束后还会在电脑屏幕上再次出现。笔者建议考生在听力结束后尽快对速记符号进行还原,以避免遗忘。
 
  此外,在听力结束后,考生还应凭借自己的记忆尽可能多地将听到却没来得及记的内容添加到表格的相关部分,以备写作之用。
 
  2、综合写作模板:以不变应万变
 
  在备考攻略中,笔者明确指出,综合写作可以考虑使用模板。如此一来,考生所面临的词汇量小、写作速度慢以及语言组织不力等难题都将迎刃而解。不过,使用模板还有三点需要注意:第一,套用模板要适当地个性化;第二,备考时需对模板多加练习,熟能生巧;第三,尽可能多地还原听力内容,尽量避免抄写阅读材料原文,必要时可用自己的语言复述。理由很简单,综合写作考查的重点是考生对听力材料的准确复述。下面笔者给出两个综合写作的模板,供考生研读、记忆和练习使用。
 
  综合写作模板一:反驳版(适用概率★★★★)
 
  Both the reading and the lecture are talking about 0, but the speaker disagrees with the perspective made in the reading/but he speaker reckons that... because of... and..., which disagrees with the standpoint in the reading that...
 
  The reading first claims that 1. How ever, the instructor objects it with a new proof. The professor says that A becauseThat is why the opinion of the reading is challenged heavily.
 
  Furthermore, the reading conceives that 2. In contrary, the professor asserts that B, which differs the readingel as well. he believes that...
 
  Finally, the professor in the listening material, maintains that C since..., while the reading claims that 3. Therefore, the reading passage has been contradicted again.
 
  Therefore, the speaker departs totally from the opinion on the topics made in the reading.
 
  综合写作模板二:赞同版(适用概率★)
 
  Both the reading and the lecture are talking about 0, and the speaker agrees with the perspective made in the reading.
 
  The reading first claims that I. Similarly, the instructor supports it with a piece of new evidence. The professor says that A because.. That is how the opinion of the reading is supposed heavily.
 
  Furthermore the reading conceives that 2. Likewise, the professor asserts that B, which sustains the reading as well. he believes that...
 
  Finally, the professor in the listening material maintains that C since., just as the it is said in the reading that 3.Therefore, the reading passage has been propped up gainTherefore. the speaker agrees totall with the opinion on the topics made in the reading.
 
  3、模板说明
 
  上述模板采取的是齐头式的写作格式。这种格式要求每段顶格写,且段与段之间空行。其好处是可以更加清晰地突出文章的结构和思路(齐头式的写作格式也可应用于独立写作)。下面我们通过表格来详细说明上述模板的中0、1、2、3和A、B、C应填入的内容。

符号 应填入的内容
应填入学术短文探讨的话题
1、2、3
简单重述学术短文的分论点(尽可能不要抄袭原文)
A、B、C 填写听力材料的分论点和论据
 
  对上述表格中A、B、C处有两点说明:其一,如果该分论点的论据有两个及以上,那么考生可以在相应处自己添加并列句,进行分论点论据的论述;其二,本着成功选择并准确表达重要信息的原则,考生应该尽可能使用听力原文描述分论点及其论据。
 
  4、模板的个性化方法
 
  基础较弱的考生可以考虑用相近词汇或表达法来替换模板中的说法。如professor可以换成 instructor或 lecturer,say可以换成 argue、conceive、 assert等。基础较好的考生可按照各段功能结构的特点自行组织语言。比如,首段的目的在于表明所讨论的问题,并说明阅读和听力的关系那考生可以考虑换个表达: As we can learn from the reading and the lecture, they are all concerning.. The reading that.. however. the lecture insists that because of...
 
  最后,南京托福培训老师建议考生按照上述方法创造岀自己的模板,并提前背诵、默写。但是需要牢记的是:模板的个性化并不是获取高分的关键,准确地呈现听力讲座的重要观点才是综合写作的重点所在。
 
  

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