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2019年9月28日雅思阅读考题回顾

时间:2019-10-08 11:01来源:江苏朗阁外语培训中心 作者:kid

  9月28日的这场雅思考试是国庆小长假前的最后一场,跟着朗阁小编一起来回顾一下本场雅思考试吧。

  P1 希腊硬币Greek Coinage

  P2 悉尼交通标识 Street Markets in Sydney

  P3 失乐症Musical Maladies

  朗阁教师苏杭点评

  1. 本次考试难度偏难。

  2. 整体分析:涉及文化类(P1)、社会类(P2)、心理类(P3)。

  本场考试雅思阅读又双叒叕上热搜了,相信很多同学在考完之后,只想再考一次。如果不是听力相对简单,出现了原题,恐怕很多同学连国庆都没办法好好休息了。第一篇阅读是我们最熟悉的题型搭配:判断+填空,但是也让很多同学感到头疼,因为它的填空题的难度甚至和第三篇难度相近且出现了部分乱序的情况。总之,在我们之后备考中,除了题型搭配,大家还需要考虑到文章和题目定位、比较复杂的同义替换这些难点,这样才能在考试时从容不迫。

  3. 主要题型:

  本次考试题型还是大家比较熟悉的常见题型搭配:填空、判断、单选等,也考到了久违的句首句尾配对,至此,在整个9月基本上每种类型的配对题都有出现,充分说明配对题在备考中的重要性。

  4. 文章分析:

  第一篇文章主要讲了古希腊的硬币的发展史;

  第二篇文章讲述悉尼交通标识的发展历程;

  第三篇讲述了关于失乐症相关的一个书评

  5. 部分答案及参考文章:

  Passage 1:

  题型:判断题6+流程图4+简答题3

  难度:★★★

  文章:待补充

  参考答案:

  判断题 1-6

  1. 希腊coin早在3000年就出现了—FALSE

  2. TRUE

  3. Sparta地区侵略Athens并强制Athens用他们的货币—FALSE

  4. Greek minted coins 在整个Europe流—FALSE

  5. Persian invaded Lydia and use their coinage—TRUE

  6. It was noble lineage头像做硬币奖励贵族中作出杰出贡献的人—NOT GIVEN

  流程图 7-10:

  7. Mint

  8. Stamps

  9. Anvil

  10. Reserve dies

  简答题11-13:

  11. 希腊硬币的重量至少—0.15g

  12. 硬币的图案—the king’s head

  13. 希腊被波斯征服之前的花纹是—lion and dull

  Passage 2:

  题型:待补充

  难度:★★

  文章:待补充

  参考答案:待补充

  Passage 3:

  题型:选择4+判断6+句首句尾配对4

  难度:★★★★

  文章:

  Musical Maladies

  Norman M. Weinberger reviews the latest work of Oliver Sacks on music

  Music and the brain are both endlessly fascinating subjects, and as a neuroscientist specializing in auditory learning and memory, I find them especially intriguing. So, I had high expectations of Music philia, the latest offering from neurologist and prolific author Oliver Sacks. And I confess to feeling a little guilty reporting that my reactions to the book are mixed.

  Sacks himself is the best part of Music philia. He richly documents his own life in the book and reveals highly personal experiences. The photograph of him on the cover of the book which shows him wearing headphones, eyes closed, clearly enchanted as he listens to Alfred 1 Brendel perform Beethoven's Pathitique Sonata--makes a positive impression that is borne out by the contents of the book. Sacks’ voice throughout is steady and erudite but never pontifical. He is neither self-conscious nor self-promoting.

  The preface gives a good idea of what the book will deliver. In it Sacks explains that he wants to convey the insights gleaned from the enormous and rapidly growing body of work on the. neural underpinnings of musical perception and imagery, and the complex and often bizarre disorders to which these are prone. He also stresses the importance of Mthe simple art of observation and the richness of the human context. He wants to combine observation and I description with the latest in technology, and to imaginatively enter the experience of his patients and subjects. The reader can see that Sacks, who has been practicing neurology for 40 years, is torn between the old-fashioned path of observation and the new-fangled, high-tech approach: He knows that he needs to take heed of the latter, but his heart lies with the former.

  The book consists mainly of detailed descriptions of cases, most of them involving patients whom Sacks has seen in his practice. Brief discussions of contemporary neuroscientific reports are sprinkled liberally throughout the text. Part I, Haunted by Music, begins with the strange case of Tony Cicoria, a nonmusical, middle-aged surgeon who was consumed by a love of music after being hit by lightning. He suddenly began to crave listening to piano music, which he had never cared for in the past. He started to play the piano and then to compose music, which arose spontaneously in his mind in a u torrent of notes. How could this happen? Was I the cause psychological? (He had had a near-death experience when the lightning struck him.) Or was it the direct result of a change in the auditory regions of his cerebral cortex? Electro-encephalography (EEG) showed his brain waves to be normal in the mid-1990s, just after his trauma and subsequent conversion to music. There are now more sensitive tests, but Cicoria has declined to undergo them; he does not want to delve into the causes of his musicality. What a shame!

  Part II, “A Range of Musicality” covers a wider variety of topics,but unfortunately,some of the chapters offer little or nothing that is new. For example, chapter 13, which is five pages long, merely notes that the blind often has better hearing than the sighted. The most interesting chapters are those that present the strangest cases. Chapter 8 is about “amusia” an inability to hear sounds as music and “dysharmonia” a highly specific impairment of the ability to hear harmony, with the ability to understand melody left intact. Such specific dissociations are found throughout the cases Sacks recounts.

  To Sacks’ credit, part III, "Memory, Movement and Music" brings us into the underappreciated realm of music therapy. Chapter 16 explains how "melodic intonation therapy" is being used to help expressive aphasic patients (those unable to express their thoughts verbal Dy following a stroke or other cerebral incident) once again become capable of fluent speech. In chapter 20, Sacks demonstrates the near-miraculous power of music to animate Parkinson’s patients and other people with severe movement disorders, even those who are frozen into odd postures. Scientists cannot yet explain how music achieves this effect.

  To readers who are unfamiliar with neuroscience and music behavior, Musicophilia may be something of a revelation. But the book will not satisfy those seeking the causes and implications of the phenomena Sacks describes. For one thing, Sacks appears to be more at ease discussing patients than discussing experiments. And he tends to be rather uncritical in accepting scientific findings and theories.

  It's true that the causes of music-brain oddities remain poorly understood. However, Sacks could have done more to draw out some of the implications of the careful observations that he and other neurologists have made and of the treatments that have been successful. For example, he might have noted that the many specific dissociations among components of music comprehension, such as loss of the ability to perceive harmony but not melody, indicate that there is no music center in the brain. Because many people who read the book are likely to believe in the brain localization of all mental functions, this was a missed educational opportunity.

  Another conclusion one could draw is that there seem to be no Mcuresff for neurological problems involving music. A drug can alleviate a symptom in one patient and aggravate it in another or can have both positive and negative effects in the same patient. Treatments mentioned seem to be almost exclusively antiepileptic medications, which "damp down" the excitability of the brain in general; their effectiveness varies widely.

  Finally, in many of the cases described here the patient with music-brain symptoms is reported to have "normal" EEG results. Although Sacks recognizes the existence of new technologies, among them far more sensitive ways to analyze brain waves than the standard neurological EEG test, he does not call for their use. In fact, although he exhibits the greatest compassion for patients, he conveys no sense of urgency about the pursuit of new avenues in the diagnosis and treatment of music-brain disorders. This absence echoes the book's preface, in which Sacks expresses fear that with simple art of observation may be lost “if we rely too much on new technologies”. He does call for both approaches, though, and we can only hope that the neurological community will respond.

  参考答案:

  选择题27-30:

  27.B

  28.C

  29.A

  30.A

  判断题31-36:

  31.YES

  32.NOT GIVEN

  33.NO

  34.NOT GIVEN

  35. YES

  36. NO

  句首句尾配对 37-40:

  37.F

  38.B

  39.A

  40.D

  考试预测

  1. 在2019年的整个9月考试当中,题目难度一直是中等偏难的水平,对于题型搭配的考察,一直也是常见的高频搭配:填空+判断,选择+判断+匹配等,所以总体上并没有在题型搭配上给我们增添难度。但是有留意近期考情的同学可能注意到,在我们几场考试当中,无论是加试还是9月这最后一场考试,在则会在文章的综合难度上都属于中等偏难的水平。所以这也预示着我们雅思下半年的考察趋势,由题型的考察,转向对于文章理解和篇章阅读能力上的考察。大家在平时练习当中,除了刷题熟练做题技巧之外,还一定要精读一些文章。平时多总结同义替换,多积累相同意思的短语,这样才能事半功倍。

  2. 下场考试的话题可能有关教育类,科学类,生物类。

  3. 重点浏览16年机经。


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